A comparison of taste responses in pygmy goats, normal goats, sheep and cattle Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/3197xp677

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  • This study involved the use of the two-choice preference test to determine the taste responses of eight, each, of pygmy goats, normal goats, sheep and cattle to ascending concentrations of sucrose (Suc), sodium chloride (NaC1), acetic acid (HAc) and quinine hydrochloride (QHCI). In addition, sheep and cattle were tested at 2. 08 and 8. 33% molasses concentrations. Each animal was individually penned and fed to appetite on a nutritionally adequate diet. Responses were expressed on the basis of percent of total fluid intake comprised by test. solution. Goats were allowed two-day test periods per concentration; sheep and cattle were given one-day test periods. Mean responses and standard deviations of the eight-animal groups were plotted graphically and compared to threshold levels of intake. Response trends were analyzed by stepwise multiple linear regression. A 95% confidence interval was established for a theoretical mean intake of 50%. The upper confidence limit was at 60% intake and the lower was at 40% intake. They were termed, respectively, upper discrimination threshold (UPT) and lower discrimination threshold (LDT). The rejection threshold (RET) was set at 20% intake and the preference threshold (PRT) at 80% intake. Ascending or descending responses at the various threshold concentrations were identified by and , respectively. Molar concentrations of thresholds crossed by responses of pygmies, normals, sheep and cattle, respectively, were for Suc, UDT; .055t and .53k; UDT: .033t, PRT: .38t; LDT: .41; UDT: OZSt and . 4U, PRT: . 058f and .24, LDT: . 56; for NaC1, UDT: .024t and .Z1, PRT; .iot and ,14, LDT: .36L RET: , 60; UDT: . 0Z7, LDT: . 15L RET: . 55; LDT: .21, RET: . 53 ; LDT: , 016, RET: , 14; for MAc, UDT: . 0034t and .04Z, LDT: .l6, RET: > ZZ; LDT: .014, RET: .11; UDT: .0034t, LDT: .028, RET: .094; UDT: .0017t and .0069j, LDT: ,014, RET: .038'; and, for QHCL, UDT: > .000016t and .000047,, LDT: .00030, RET: .00202; UDT: .000016t and .000063, LDT: .00035, RET: .0020Z; LDT: ,000094, RET: .00035k; LDT: .00013 , RET: .000381. In general, stimulating effectiveness was greatest for bitter, followed in order by sour, salty and sweet. Cattle were usually first to make a discrimination, goats were generally second and sheep were normally last. The major exception was for the bitter taste group where the order was goats, sheep, cattle. As a rule, goats were more tolerant of high concentrations than were sheep and sheep were more tolerant than cattle. The exception was, again, the bitter taste group where the order was goats, cattle, sheep. Sheep were indifferent to 2. 08 and 8. 33% molasses concentrations. Cattle demonstrated stroxg preference respoises to the 2. 08% level and weak preference reactions to the 8.33% level.
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