Effects of weed control on vegetation dynamics in Pacific Northwest conifer plantations Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/3197xp70j

Descriptions

Attribute NameValues
Creator
Abstract or Summary
  • Weed control in Pacific Northwest forests has been criticized for its potential impact on biodiversity. Changes were evaluated in conifer growth, diversity of vegetation in situ and of recruiting plants through different regeneration mechanisms after applying temporally-varied weed control by herbicide treatments based on the critical period concept. Conifer size and vegetative surveys were conducted for up to four years post-treatment in four sites planted with four conifer species. Increasing volume, diameter, and height and decreasing height/diameter ratio for all conifer species with increasing years of weed control indicated that conifer seedling growth would benefit from longer weed control. Survival did not differ by herbicide treatment. Weed control caused up to a 90% decrease in total vegetation cover and significant decrease in plant diversity (species richness and Shannon's index) for all treatments. Total cover and plant diversity recovered steadily once herbicide application stopped. Species richness results of herbs, the dominant growth form, were similar to those of total species richness. However, shrub species richness usually did not vary by treatment. Our results suggested repeated herbicide application may be harmful to species richness of some families (e.g. Rosaceae) and native species. Therefore, forest managers should minimize the time period of repeated applications to reduce harming noncrop species. The abundance and species diversity of regenerating individuals from three regeneration mechanisms (seed bank, seed rain, and bud bank) were measured for up to three years post-treatment. Potential germinable seeds for the seed rain were the largest among mechanisms for all treatments. Herbicide application had significantly reduced the abundance for all mechanisms. Plant diversity results were similar to those of abundance but less significant. Nevertheless, treatment in the previous year usually had more influence on the results for seed bank and seed rain than in the sampling year, but bud bank results were affected mainly by treatment in the sampling year. More native species than exotic species were recorded within the same treatment for bud bank, but less native species for seed bank and seed rain. Both native and exotic species richness decreased after spray for all regeneration mechanisms.
Resource Type
Date Available
Date Copyright
Date Issued
Degree Level
Degree Name
Degree Field
Degree Grantor
Commencement Year
Advisor
Committee Member
Academic Affiliation
Non-Academic Affiliation
Subject
Rights Statement
Publisher
Language
Digitization Specifications
  • PDF derivative scanned at 300 ppi (256 B+W), using Capture Perfect 3.0, on a Canon DR-9080C. CVista PdfCompressor 4.0 was used for pdf compression and textual OCR.
Replaces
Additional Information
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Anna Opoien (aoscanner@gmail.com) on 2009-02-12T22:15:47Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Chen_Fen-Hui_2004.pdf: 1523975 bytes, checksum: 8e6de336b48f706efe4d3074c0e4be76 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Linda Kathman(linda.kathman@oregonstate.edu) on 2009-02-16T16:31:02Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 Chen_Fen-Hui_2004.pdf: 1523975 bytes, checksum: 8e6de336b48f706efe4d3074c0e4be76 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Linda Kathman(linda.kathman@oregonstate.edu) on 2009-02-16T16:29:12Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 Chen_Fen-Hui_2004.pdf: 1523975 bytes, checksum: 8e6de336b48f706efe4d3074c0e4be76 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2009-02-16T16:31:02Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Chen_Fen-Hui_2004.pdf: 1523975 bytes, checksum: 8e6de336b48f706efe4d3074c0e4be76 (MD5)

Relationships

Parents:

This work has no parents.

Last modified

Downloadable Content

Download PDF

Items