An evaluation and criteria for implementation of a recreational motorboat educational licensing practice in Oregon Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/3197xp99h

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  • In recent years almost all states have legislated educational and licensing programs to protect the welfare and property of citizens engaged in outdoor recreational pursuits. Such programs exist for automobile, motorcycle, airplane, and snowmobile operators. However, boating continues to be one of the major recreational outdoor activities where operators of vessels do not need to take course work or to demonstrate operating competencies prior to manning a boat. Because of rising accident rates, accident fatalities, and citizen concern, Oregon legislatures have provided for educationallicensing programs in many recreational activities. The purpose of this study was to examine accident and fatality statistics before and after the adoption of licensing and educational programs for snowmobiling, motorcycling, and hunting so as to derive from these data recommendations for an educationallicensing program for recreational motorboat operators in Oregon. Accident and fatality statistics gathered by the Oregon Marine Board during calendar year 1973 were analyzed. A sample of marine citations written during calendar year 1973 as well as all boating accident reports filed during 1973 were studied. A data base of information was compiled by interviewing directors of the snowmobiling, motorcycling, and hunting agencies. The data gathered from these inquiries were used to generate recommendations for possible inception of an educational-licensing program for recreational motorboat operators in Oregon. The general findings of this study are: 1. Snowmobiling. The snowmobile educational-licensing program results are inconclusive because of limited data available. 2. Motorcycling. The motorcycle educational-licensing program results showed a decrease in both reported non-fatal accidents and fatalities after its inception. 3. Hunting. The hunter safety educational-licensing program results showed an increase in reported non-fatal accidents and a decrease in fatal accidents after starting the program. 4. Snowmobiling, Motorcycling, Hunting Director Recommendations. These agency directors indicated a preference for initiation of a recreational motorboat operator's educational-licensing program in the belief that such a program may reduce boating accident incidence. 5. Boating. Oregon Marine Board data show declining boating citations, accidents, and fatalities, especially since passage of the Federal Boat Safety Act of 1971. 6. Boating. An examination of boating accident report forms indicates that having taken one boating safety course by operators does not greatly diminish an operator's chances of being involved in a boating accident. 7. Boating. An examination of a 10 percent sampling of all marine citations written during 1973 indicates that over 75 percent of the citations were for violations of the personal flotation device requirement and lack of required boat numbering. Due to the inconclusive results of the data used in this study, it appears inadvisable for an initiation of an educational-licensing program for operators of recreational motorboats in Oregon at this time.
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