|Abstract or Summary
- The purposes of this study are:
1. To determine guidelines for producing 8mm continuous
loop films through the production of
loop films for home economics classes.
2, To show how the 8mm loop film as a visual technique
is suited to home economics, especially
to individualize instruction.
3. To compile a handbook for instructors to use in
producing 8mm loop films.
An understanding of the procedures involved in producing
an 8mm film was gained from audiovisual classes,
consultations with experts in the field, study of audiovisual
journals and texts, study of current photographic
publications, and study of instruction and operation
manuals for equipment necessary for the production of
As a basis for writing a handbook on 8mm loop
production, two films were produced for use in home economics
Part I of the review of literature provides background
information for the use and production of loop
films. Terms used to refer to short films are clarified.
The terms, film loop and loop, refer to a cartridged film
with beginning and end spliced together to facilitate
Regular 8 and Super 8 formats may be used in local
production of loop films, the advantage of Super 8 being
a 50 percent larger picture and a brighter screen image.
The film is shown in a cartridge-loading projector
which can be operated easily by the viewer. This projector
can be used for individual, small group or large group
A real advantage of the 8mm loop is that it is
particularly suited to individualize instruction allowing
for independent study by students.
Local production of audiovisual materials allows
application of these materials to the specific situation.
The individual preparing the materials gains a great
satisfaction in producing products for use in his classroom.
These audiovisual materials can be produced at a
cost lower than comparable materials can be purchased.
The principles of 8mm loop use and production are
applied to home economics instruction in Part II of the review of literature.
A handbook for teachers to use in the production of
8mm loop films provides illustrations and guidelines in
the choice of equipment -- camera, tripod, lighting, and
backdrop. Steps in planning and producing a loop are
discussed with guidelines presented for determining film
specifications, choosing a topic, preparing a content
outline, preparing titles, filming, processing, editing
and splicing, cartridging, and evaluating.
General guidelines emphasized in the handbook point
out the value of a good home-movie-making booklet in
answering questions and providing technical assistance.