Effect of selected lactic acid bacteria on the growth of food-borne pathogens and spoilage microorganisms in raw milk and milk products Public Deposited

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  • Several lactic acid bacteria (LAB) of the Lactococcus, Lactobacillus, Leuconostoc and Pediococcus genera were screened for inhibition of food-borne pathogens and spoilage microorganisms in raw milk and dairy products. Listeria monocytogenes was killed by Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis and Pediococcus pentosaceus due to their production of bacteriocin-type inhibitors. Staphylococcus aureus was not able to grow in raw milk at temperatures below 5°C even without LAB being present. Gram negative Salmonella enteritidis. Salmonella typhimurium and Escherichia coli, along with spoilage bacteria of the genus Pseudomonas were dramatically inhibited by a Lactobacillus species, designated AS-1, in raw and pasteurized milk as well as in cottage cheese. However, other LAB were not able to inhibit these organisms. Lactobacillus AS-1, did not produce hydrogen peroxide but carbon dioxide was produced. The AS-1 strain was a gram positive coccobacillus, catalase and oxidase negative and produced DL-lactic acid. It deaminated arginine and grew over a temperature range of 5°C to 45°C. It was also able to ferment glucose, galactose, fructose and lactose in addition to 17 other carbohydrates. High numbers (107 CFU/ml) of AS-1 were required to obtain complete inhibition of gram negative bacteria. A selective medium (ASLM) for Listeria monocytogenes was developed to follow the fate of this particular pathogen in association with LAB in raw milk; other selective media were not able to inhibit the growth of background flora of raw milk. ASLM was superior to four other media in allowing only the growth of the target pathogen. For the Lactococcus genus, a selective and differential agar medium (Alsan) was formulated to selectively allow growth of Lactococcus spp. and to differentiate between Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis and the biovariety diacetylactis, based on citrate utilization.
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