Graduate Thesis Or Dissertation

 

Modeling gray wolf habitat in Oregon using a geographic information system Public Deposited

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https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/3r074x502

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  • Gray Wolves (Canis lupus) were once found throughout North America including Oregon. Wolves were extirpated from Oregon due to heavy hunting pressure in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and have been absent for over 50 years. Successful reintroduction efforts in Idaho and the greater Yellowstone area have caused wolf populations in the Rocky Mountain region to rise dramatically, giving way to wolf dispersal into Oregon. This research used logistic regression and a Geographic Information System (GIS) to model and assess potential wolf habitat in Oregon. Models based on previous research were analyzed to find the best approximating wolf habitat model. These a priori models were formulated under the hypotheses that wolf habitat (1) will include relatively high densities of prey, (2) will be limited by human influence, (3) will include favorable landscape characteristics (e.g. forest cover, public ownership), and (4) may be influenced by some combination of these factors. The final model was tested and validated with wolf pack data from the Rocky Mountain region. The results show that a habitat model including variables of forest cover and public land can successfully predict wolf habitat in the study area. These results may assist natural resource managers in developing and implementing of a wolf management plan in Oregon. In addition, because the data used for the habitat model are consistent across state boundaries and are easily accessible, these results may extend to other western states.
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