Shrinkage study of high performance concrete for bridge decks Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/3r074x766

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  • In the field of civil infrastructure, bridge desks are typically constructed using high performance concrete (HPC). Concrete bridge decks demand qualities such as low permeability, high abrasion resistance, superior durability, and long design life. Over decades of field and laboratory experience, many HPC bridge decks have been found to be susceptible to shrinkage and subsequent cracking, which is regarded as a significant cause for premature deterioration, increased maintenance costs and even structural deficiency. Appropriate shrinkage limits and standard laboratory/field tests that allow proper criteria to ensure crack resistant HPC are not clearly established either in the technical literature or in specifications. A comprehensive study is presented in this dissertation on shrinkage and shrinkage induced cracking in HPC, with four main objectives: 1) mitigate the shrinkage and cracking issues in HPC using internal curing by fine lightweight aggregate (FLWA) and/or incorporation of shrinkage reducing admixture (SRA); 2) improve the standard ASTM chemical shrinkage test method for HPC systems containing supplementary cementitious materials (SCMs) and/or SRA; 3) modify existing drying shrinkage models mainly the ACI 209 model to predict long-term drying shrinkage for modern HPC concrete by using short-term experimental measurements; 4) complete a state-of-the-art literature review on shrinkage and cracking issues in HPC bridge decks. One of the most significant research findings is a proposed "cracking potential indicator" (CPI) that uses only the free shrinkage and mechanical properties of HPC. This was correlated to standard restrained ring tests.
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