Accident analysis of traffic accidents involving radioactive materials (RAM) Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/3r074z576

Descriptions

Attribute NameValues
Creator
Abstract or Summary
  • The extensive and expanding use of radioactive materials (RAM) in the production of power, industry, the healing arts, and various branches of research has inevitably resulted in a sizable increase of hazardous material transportation in the state of Oregon. The location of the Hanford facility just north of the Oregon border and the location of the Trojan nuclear power plant in Rainier, Oregon could significantly effect the number of shipments made through the state. This thesis investigates both the consequences and risks from typical standard RAM shipments. The consequences that are calculated can be used for emergency response purposes. To facilitate their use, a set of protective action guides based on dose estimates and regulatory limits has been proposed. The doses are calculated from simple kernel techniques and Pasquill diffusion. The shipment standardization and the models used are fully discussed. A survey of Oregon RAM licensees was conducted to assess the level of RAM transportation in the state. This together with information on interstate RAM transportation provided by the Oregon Department of Energy forms a database from which the level of risk can be determined. There are more than 1700 reportable interstate shipments made annually through the state. It is estimated that each year there may be more than 5000 low-level intra-state shipments made. In the interest of public safety, it is necessary to assess the associated radiological risk. This thesis also addresses the models used to calculate the risk from RAM transportation accidents. The contributors to the total population dose received by emergency responders, persons in passing traffic, or by the outlying population could include inhalation, cloudshine, groundshine, direct exposure, and resuspension. A modified version of RADTRAN II, a computer code developed by Sandia Laboratories, was used to determine the annual number of latent cancer fatalities resulting from these dose components for various standard shipment types. This code requires as input: meteorological statistics, accident statistics, population statistics, and package response to accidents. The statistics that were used are specific to Oregon and a discussion of the assumptions that were made is given.
Resource Type
Date Available
Date Copyright
Date Issued
Degree Level
Degree Name
Degree Field
Degree Grantor
Commencement Year
Advisor
Academic Affiliation
Non-Academic Affiliation
Subject
Rights Statement
Peer Reviewed
Language
Digitization Specifications
  • File scanned at 300 ppi (Monochrome) using ScandAll PRO 1.8.1 on a Fi-6670 in PDF format. CVista PdfCompressor 4.0 was used for pdf compression and textual OCR.
Replaces
Additional Information
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Deborah Campbell(deborah.campbell@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-06-18T15:29:38Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 HumphriesLarryL1988.pdf: 3102424 bytes, checksum: 9962585d4019cc0728cda8c52fcfc1af (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Katy Davis (kdscannerosu@gmail.com) on 2013-06-12T20:21:40Z No. of bitstreams: 1 HumphriesLarryL1988.pdf: 3102424 bytes, checksum: 9962585d4019cc0728cda8c52fcfc1af (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2013-06-18T15:29:38Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 HumphriesLarryL1988.pdf: 3102424 bytes, checksum: 9962585d4019cc0728cda8c52fcfc1af (MD5) Previous issue date: 1986-12-15
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-06-17T16:05:17Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 HumphriesLarryL1988.pdf: 3102424 bytes, checksum: 9962585d4019cc0728cda8c52fcfc1af (MD5)

Relationships

In Administrative Set:
Last modified: 08/22/2017

Downloadable Content

Download PDF
Citations:

EndNote | Zotero | Mendeley

Items