Sex role patterns of school age children in time used for household work : an analysis of single parent/two-child and two-parent/two-child California households Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/3r074z622

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  • Systems theory and role theory were used in this study to develop a management model, integrating the managerial and psycho-social subsystems of the family system. The integrated theory and model were used to derive hypotheses concerning whether or not type of task and actual/relative amount of time spent on household tasks performed by school age children varied according to the sex of the child, attitude toward feminism of the homemaker, number of parents, and employment status of the homemaker. Whether parents were more sex-segregated than school age children in the performance of household tasks was also assessed. The sample used in this study included 325 school age children from 79 single parent families and 208 two parent families interviewed for the Northeastern Regional Research Project, 113: "An Interstate Urban/Rural Comparison of Families Time Use." Families included in this study were limited to those with at least one school age child, since time data were not collected for children Less than six years of age. Data were collected using two face-to-face interviews, and three instruments: a survey questionnaire, a time-use chart, and a 20-item attitude toward feminism scale. The data were evaluated using both univariate and multivariate analyses. Conclusions reached on the basis of the data analyses were: (1) increased demands in the households of employed women and single parent homemakers were associated with more relative time spent on household tasks by their children, (2) boys in single parent families were more traditional in sex role behavior in the performance of household work than boys in two parent families, (3) girls in single parent families were undifferentiated in sex role behavior in the performance of household work, (4) children in both single parent and two parent families were less sex-segregated than parents in the performance of household work, and (5) the homemaker's attitude toward feminism was not directly related to children's time use in the performance of household work. The results of this study have provided baseline data for examining changing sex roles and time use for household work in the next generation of adults.
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