Examining Nepal’s Community Forestry to Understand Opportunities and Barriers to Successful Collective Action Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/3x816q57f

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  • Nepal’s community forestry has been internationally recognized as an example of successful case of collective action. However, many scholars argue that although it has been successful in protecting forests from degradation, it has not been able to create an inclusive platform for political decision-making process. Using historical analysis, comparative case studies and social network analysis, this research examines the opportunities and barriers to a successful implementation of community forestry program in Nepal. The results show that when given proper rights and responsibilities, local communities have the potential to successfully protect and manage their resources. However, it was evident that larger political and economic forces influence the locals’ capacity to protect their resources, and existing social hierarchy and inequality continue to marginalize the disadvantaged groups, thus affecting their ability to participate in the decision-making processes. This research argues for a deeper historical analysis as an essential aspect to evaluate collective action, since it provides a context for existing social, political and economic structures. The results of this study are further used to evaluate the discrepancies of theory of collective action, and provide suggestions for theoretical framework for broader implementation.
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