|Abstract or Summary
The purpose of this study was two fold: 1) to determine the
self concepts of women workers and their relationship to certain
personal variables and patterns of work, and 2) to produce basic
self concept research.
The subjects selected for this study were the women employed
in 1973 at Eastern Washington State College and Central Washington
State College. Eastern employed 302 women and Central employed
282 women for a total of 583 subjects. The women worked at a
variety of occupations in two different work settings. The women's
occupations fell into three major divisions; professional, clerical
and service workers.
Each student was sent a data gathering packet that consisted
of a cover letter, personal data sheet, instruction sheet, Tennessee
Self Concept Scale booklet, score sheet and self-addressed-stamped
Of the packets distributed, 378 were useable. The data
from the personal data sheets were put on code sheets. The
TSCS was mailed to Counselor Recordings and Tests, Nashville,
Tennessee for scoring. When the computer print-outs were
returned to the researcher, the T scores were matched with the
personal data information. The data were then processed by programmed
computer to determine if there were significant differences
in the marital status, job classification, total length
of time worked, length of time held in present position, age
and education of the women workers. The data were then processed
by programmed calculator and mean scores, as well as the one-way
analysis of variance, were determined.
The statistical findings of this research project offers
the following conclusions:
1. Marriage makes a significant difference in the
self concepts of the group of working women
studied. Married women had the highest self
concept scores. Single women had the lowest
scores. Divorced or separated women had scores
higher than single women. Marriage, even if it
was unsuccessful, produced higher self concept
scores among the group of women studied. 2. The length of time a woman worked at her present
position was directly related to her self
concept score. The longer she worked, the more
likely her score on the TSCS would be higher.
3. The TSCS mean scores in all the categories,
under each hypothesis, showed that the
respondents were above the norm of 50. This
showed that the group had a positive self concept.
In view of the findings and conclusions of this study, the
following implications were drawn:
1. Marital status was the most influential factor
in forming self concepts of the women studied.
Schools and other social institutions would
help strengthen the self concepts of all women
by encouraging women to think of themselves as
individually valuable married or not married.
2. The longer a woman held her present position
the better her self concept became. This knowledge
would be valuable to all women, as well
as employers. It would mean that women who
worked in the same position over a long period
of time would have the confidence needed for
upward job mobility. Persons with a high self
concept handle stress better and that would make
them more qualified for advancement.