A comparative study of physical disorders of educable mentally retarded children and of children of normal intelligence Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/41687m02d

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  • The purpose of this study was to compare the number and type of physical disorders of two hundred educable mentally retarded students and two hundred normal intelligence students. The relationship of physical disorders to sex and age was also investigated. The descriptive survey method was chosen for the study. Data were collected by use of a tabulation record which listed 20 categories of broad general physical disorders. Each classification was calculated as to frequency in each student group. The sample for the educable mentally retarded group consisted of data obtained from the current physical examination record of 100 male students and 100 female students selected at random from Fairview Hospital and Training Center. There were 32 in the 7 to 12 year age group, 31 in the 13 to 15 year age group and 37 in the 16 to 18 year age group for each sex. The sample for the normal student group consisted of data obtained from the current Oregon Pupil Medical Record of 100 male students and 100 female students selected at random from three schools in the Salem Public School system. There were 32 in the 7 to 12 year age group of each sex, 31 in the 13 to 15 year age group of each sex and 37 io the 16 to 18 year age group of each sex. In agreement with other studies, the incidence of total disorders was higher in subnormals but an analysis of the data revealed the incidence was higher only in certain categories. These were nervous system disorders, musculo-skeIetal disorders, foot disorders, heart disorders, nose and throat disorders, eye disorders, gail disorders, mouth disorders, genital disorders, ear disorders, endocrine disorders and other disorders. In other categories there was no appreciable difference in incidence. These were tooth disorders, vision disorders, nutrition disorders, skin disorders, hearing disorders, lymph node disorders, abdomen disorders and lung disorders. The older age groups of both the educable mentally retarded students and normal students had a higher incidence of tooth, nutrition and skin disorders. The educable mentally retarded 7 to 12 year age male group had a higher incidence of genital disorders. In the remaining categories, no noticable progressive or regressive change was noted. The extent to which preventive and corrective services were available was important in the general incidence. Also, accommodation facilities and programs for students with nervous system disorders and resulting musculo-skeIetal disorders appeared to influence the incidence.
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