Graduate Thesis Or Dissertation

 

Isolation and Pathogenicity of Naturally Occurring Entomopathogenic Fungi to Clover Root Borer (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae), a Pest of Red Clover Seed Crops Public Deposited

Downloadable Content

Download PDF
https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/44558h780

Descriptions

Attribute NameValues
Creator
Abstract
  • Entomopathogenic fungi are cosmopolitan microbial pathogens that cause fungous diseases in a wide range of insects via spore infection. Due to their natural enemy status, they have tremendous potential for use as microbial control agents against insect pests, especially subterranean pests for which few management options are available. The clover root borer (Hylastinus obscurus Marsham) develops belowground, attacks the roots of red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) and causes a drastic reduction in seed yield. Hylastinus obscurus was controlled with organochlorine pesticides but their use was prohibited due to hazardous effects on the environment, and non-target organisms including humans. Subsequently, no alternative pest management strategy was developed for this pest. Meanwhile, little is known about impacts of entomopathogenic fungi on clover root borer. The current study was conducted to isolate naturally occuring entomopathogenic fungi and assess their pathogenicity against the clover root borer. More than 150 isolates were collected from infected clover root borers and root zone soil samples from five red clover seed production fields in western Oregon. Based on morphologic characters and phylogenetic analyses using ITS sequence data, these belonged to six species - Beauveria bassiana, B. pseudobassiana, Metarhizium brunneum, Isaria fumosorosea, I. farinosa and Lecanicillium muscarium. A laboratory experiment showed that two species of field isolated fungi - B. bassiana and I. fumosorosea were as effective in killing clover root borer adults as commercial sources of M. brunneum and I. fumosorosea when exposed to these fungi in petri dishes with sterile white sand. Subsequently, H. obscurus adults were exposed to four spore concentrations of B. bassiana and M. brunneum separately in cups filled with field collected unsterilized and sterilized soil. There were no significant mortality differences on either sterilized and unsterilized soil. However, at the highest concentration, more than 80% of clover root borers died with M. brunneum while with B. bassiana, the mortality was not significantly different due to high mortality in the negative control. Based on the study, at least six species of entomopathogenic fungi occur naturally in red clover seed production fields in western Oregon, and field isolated fungi are as virulent as commercial fungi against the clover root borer. Further research is needed for evaluation of the pathogenicity of these entomopathogenic fungi under field conditions.
License
Resource Type
Date Issued
Degree Level
Degree Name
Degree Field
Degree Grantor
Commencement Year
Advisor
Committee Member
Academic Affiliation
Non-Academic Affiliation
Subject
Rights Statement
Publisher
Peer Reviewed
Language
Replaces
Additional Information
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2016-04-04T18:27:23Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 LestariAnisS2016.pdf: 1527005 bytes, checksum: 7e745842f1b8f10090571644eba21a3d (MD5) Previous issue date: 2016-03-18
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Anis Lestari (lestaria@onid.orst.edu) on 2016-03-25T18:34:32Z No. of bitstreams: 1 LestariAnisS2016.pdf: 1527005 bytes, checksum: 7e745842f1b8f10090571644eba21a3d (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Julie Kurtz(julie.kurtz@oregonstate.edu) on 2016-04-01T16:27:53Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 LestariAnisS2016.pdf: 1527005 bytes, checksum: 7e745842f1b8f10090571644eba21a3d (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Laura Wilson(laura.wilson@oregonstate.edu) on 2016-04-04T18:27:23Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 LestariAnisS2016.pdf: 1527005 bytes, checksum: 7e745842f1b8f10090571644eba21a3d (MD5)
Embargo date range
  • 2017-08-17 to 2018-04-01

Relationships

Parents:

This work has no parents.

In Collection:

Items