|Abstract or Summary
- Achondroplastic dwarf men and women find it difficult to acquire
clothing that fits well. Their major problem is that their torso is
long in relationship to the length of their arms and legs, but other
physical problems do enter into the selection and construction of
clothing. The multiplicity of their physical problems makes construction
or selection of garments to meet the needs of the wearer a
This study was designed: (1) to define more fully the problems
dwarfed men and women have acquiring clothing, (2) to determine the
nature of their motivation in dress, (3) to determine the association
between clothing and social participation, and (4) to determine the
type and number of alterations perceived necessary in clothing.
Measures were selected and adapted or constructed by the
author to gain the necessary information. The questionnaire was
mailed to 50 men and 50 women identified as achondroplastic dwarfs.
Twenty-two men and 29 women returned the completed questionnaire.
The t-test was employed to determine if there were significant
differences between the sexes for the following variables of interest:
degree of interest in clothing, degree of conformity in dress, amount
of social participation, suitability of clothing for social occasions,
relationship of suitability of clothing to the acceptance of social invitations,
number of alterations perceived to be necessary in clothing.
Pearson r correlation coefficients were computed and r values
arrived at for each null hypothesis to be tested. The t-test was then
employed to determine the significance of correlations between the
demographic variables of age, height, weight, occupation, education,
income and the variables of interest.
Percentages were computed for the men and women to determine
the major source of their daytime outer wear, the amount of
ready-made clothing requiring alteration, the type of alteration perceived
necessary and the amount of custom-made clothing constructed
in the home.
Conclusions were that the women were more interested in
clothing than the men. These women respondents were most often
in professional or skilled occupations.
Shorter men in the study were found to be more conforming
than taller men.
Men and women in the study with more years of education and
in professional and skilled occupations were more likely to participate in formal social organizations than men and women with fewer years
of education and occupations in the semi-skilled, unskilled and nonemployed
Weight was negatively correlated with the number of alterations
perceived to be necessary in clothing for the men. A small negative
relationship also existed between height and number of alterations
perceived to be necessary for the women. This would seem to indicate
that shorter, lighter-weight subjects perceived the need for
more alterations in their clothing.
The source of daytime outer wear was positively correlated
with age and negatively correlated with height; older, shorter men
and women had more custom-made clothing than younger, taller men
Both the men and women bought the majority of their daytime
outer wear ready-made. Approximately one-half of these men and
women said that over 50% of their ready-made clothing required
alteration. The alterations most often needed were to shorten sleeves,
skirts and/or trousers and to shorten the bodice or torso length of
Although alterations were perceived to be necessary in a large
number of their ready-made garments, only 27% of the men and 35%
of the women in the study had their clothing custom-made. The
custom-made clothing was most often for men and women in the
lower income brackets and the clothing was most often custom-made
in the home.