Genetics of partial incompatibility and improvement of haploid production in Hordeum vulgare L. x H. bulbosum L. crosses Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/4j03d268s

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  • The production of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) haploids by crossing with H. bulbosum is a widely used tool in breeding and genetics. Certain barley genotypes have low seed set in this interspecific cross, a phenomenon known as partial incompatibility. Haploid production efficiency and gamete sampling are important issues with the bulbosum technique, particularly when partially incompatible genotypes are used. An in vitro floret culture system was developed that substantially increases haploid production efficiency by optimizing caryopsis growth, haploid embryo development, and plant regeneration. The individual and combined effects of three plant growth regulators (2,4-D, GA₃ and kinetin) on haploid production efficiency and its determinants were compared in the floret culture system. 2,4-D alone was superior to GA₃ alone in haploid production efficiency. 2,4-D alone or kinetin + 2,4-D are recommended for the purpose of haploid production in floret culture using the bulbosum method. Partial incompatibility between H. vulgare and H. bulbosum was studied by doubled haploid progeny analysis. Two different loci were hypothesized to account for the inheritance of partial incompatibility in the crosses of Vada x Klages, Harrington x Klages, and Vada x Harrington. The partial incompatibility gene in Harrington was found to be recessive. The dominant nature of the partial incompatibility gene (Inc) in Vada was confirmed. An association between the (Inc) gene and a deficiency in a stigma/stylodium-specific high pl protein was found in the cosegregation analysis of doubled haploid progeny. The Inc gene may be linked to the gene coding for the stigma/stylodium-specific protein, or the Inc gene may regulate expression of the protein-encoding locus. Segregation analysis of Mendelian markers in doubled haploid progeny showed that there is no evidence that the partial incompatibility status of the parents has an effect on gamete sampling by the bulbosum technique.
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