Graduate Thesis Or Dissertation

 

Effect of source of dietary carbohydrate on plasma lipids of women Public Deposited

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  • The effect of source of dietary carbohydrate on the plasma lipid concentrations and glucose tolerance were studied. Three women received diets which contained 16%, 40%, and 44% of calories as protein, fat, and carbohydrate, respectively. During the control period of six days the carbohydrate was derived from mixed sources. In subsequent six-day periods, 80% of the carbohydrate was supplied alternately by sucrose (Sugar Diet) or by polysaccharides from natural sources (Complex Diet). Total lipids, phospholipids, triglycerides, total and free cholesterol of the plasma were determined on the final day of each dietary period. The plasma concentrations of total lipids, phospholipids, and triglycerides were lowest following the Complex Diet. On the average, the Sugar Diet produced the same concentrations of these lipid fractions as did the Control Diet. No consistent changes in cholesterol could be attributed to dietary carbohydrate. Glucose tolerance tests were performed at the end of each dietary period. In the two young subjects, glucose tolerance did not seem to be associated with the dietary treatment. The older subject showed impaired glucose tolerance after the diet containing complex carbohydrate.
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