Examining ectomycorrhizal communities of ponderosa pine and lodgepole pine in the south-central Oregon pumice zone Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/4m90dz39c

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  • Background information is presented that provides historical perspectives on the field of mycology in the Pacific Northwest and its role in forest management. The series of events and decisions that have led to previous studies (or lack of studies) in the field also dictate the directions of current research. Culture, philosophy, and history all play a role in the questions that may be asked today. Examining the past gives light to the questions that are asked in the present and future. Forest ecosystems of the Pacific Northwest are changing as a result of climate change. Rise of global temperatures, decline of winter precipitation, earlier loss of snowpack, and increased summer drought are altering the range of Pinus contorta. As environmental conditions change, Pinus ponderosa may establish within the historic Pinus contorta range. Successful pine species migration will be constrained by the distribution or co-migration of ectomycorrhizal fungi (EMF). Knowledge of the linkages among soil fungal diversity, community structure, and environmental factors is critical to understanding the organization and stability of pine ecosystems. The objectives of this study are to establish an informational foundation of the EMF communities of P. ponderosa and P. contorta in the Deschutes National Forest and to examine soil characteristics associated with community composition. We examined EMF root tips of P. ponderosa and P. contorta in soil cores and conducted soil chemistry analysis for P. ponderosa. Results indicate that Cenococcum geophilum, Rhizopogon salebrosus, and Inocybe flocculosa are dominant in both P. contorta and P. ponderosa soil cores. Rhizopogon spp. were ubiquitous in P. ponderosa. There was no significant difference between EMF communities of P. ponderosa and P. contorta at the species level. Ordination analysis suggests that pH, Bray-phosphorus, total phosphorus (P), carbon (C), mineralizable nitrogen (N), ammonium (NH₄) and nitrate (NO₃) are driving EMF community composition in P. ponderosa. We found a significant linear relationship between EMF species richness and mineralizable N.
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