A numerical model for the fate and transport of chlorinated phenols in groundwater Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/4t64gr03r

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  • The objective of this study was to develop a numerical model for the movement and fate of chlorinated phenols in groundwater. In the first part, a numerical model for several different equilibrium and nonequilibrium sorption processes under isothermal conditions is developed for one-dimensional, steady-state water flow in soil columns. The simulated breakthrough curves can be used to estimate sorption parameters from the results of column experiments. The second part presents a one-dimensional numerical model for the fate and transport of chlorinated phenols for one-dimensional, steady-state groundwater flow. The numerical model includes the transport processes of advection, dispersion, sorption, biological degradation, and decay. The set of governing differential equations is solved by Newton-Raphson iteration and the finite difference method. Two different groups of microorganisms are assumed to be involved in the degradation; one group for the reductive dechlorination of the electron acceptor/donor pair and the other group for the fermentation of the electron donor. Inhibition effects due to presence of multiple substrates are included in the Monod kinetics. Simulated breakthrough curves are presented for a range of assumed model parameters and will be compared with measured concentrations in a series of miscible displacement experiments in laboratory columns.
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