Insect community composition and physico-chemical processes in summer-dry streams of Western Oregon Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/4x51hn21x

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  • Seven streams, one of them permanent, were studied in western Oregon, USA. The research was designed to assess the value of summer-dry headwaters for conservation oriented landscape management. Streams were categorized primarily according to exposure (forest versus meadow sites) and secondarily according to flow duration (ephemeral = short-flow versus temporary = long-flow sites). Ephemeral streams have discontinuous flow and last less than three months annually. Temporary streams have continuous flow for more than five months each season. Ephemeral forest streams were highly efficient at filtering road-generated sediment. Uptake lengths for suspended sediment were short (36 m-105 m) at moderately elevated input concentrations. As a result of the filtration mechanism, filtration efficiency is expected to increase as annual flow duration decreases. Injection experiments yielded nitrate uptake rates of almost 1% per m of temporary stream channel. Exchange with subsurface flow was the most important route for nitrate removal from the water column. Biological uptake was insignificant in a light-limited forest stream, whereas a considerable amount of nitrate was retained by the biota a nutrient-limited meadow channel. At least 207 insect species were collected from the summer-dry streams. Species richness recorded from temporary forest streams exceeded that in an adjacent permanent headwater and there was high overlap between the fauna of the permanent and the temporary streams. Species richness in ephemeral channels was only 1/4 to 1/3 of that in long-flow forest streams. Multivariate analysis of community structure revealed flow duration and microhabitat pattern (riffle-pool) as the most important environmental factors determining faunal composition in temporary forest streams. Summer drought conditions at the sample sites also were important. By providing habitat and contributing to water quality in permanent downstream reaches, summer-dry streams have the potential to serve multiple purposes in conservation management. Their value from a conservation perspective is unexpectedly high. Landscape management therefore should be directed toward the preservation and protection of ephemeral and temporary streams.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-12-13T19:56:35Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 DieterichMartin1993.pdf: 9226658 bytes, checksum: 91dd5bc4c6ba3a8e813594518ace470e (MD5)
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