Model based visualization of vibrations in mechanical systems Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/5d86p2307

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  • To visualize vibrations in mechanical systems, e.g., machine tools, their movements are measured by means of suitable sensors. The signals from these sensors are processed and displayed as animated pictures on a computer screen. Accelerometers have been chosen as the most suitable sensors for this purpose. Their main advantages include small size, wide sensitivity range and frequency bandwidth. In addition, accelerometers measure signals with reference to the Earth, so they do not require stable fixtures such as used with cameras or lasers. The visualization methodology involves nine accelerometers attached to a mechanical component, e.g., a dynamometer's platform. Vibration signals were acquired using a data acquisition (DAQ) system which is controlled by a LabVIEW®-based program. These signals are processed to suppress errors and convert acceleration into generalized coordinate that describes motion of the visualized component as a rigid plate's movement in 3-D space. The animation is accomplished by displaying a time series of pictures representing instantaneous position of the plate. The animation program employs homogenous coordinate transformation to draw 3-D 'wireframe' pictures. Since various errors distort the measured signals, the animated movement may be inaccurate. The knowledge of a mathematical model of the system whose vibrations are animated allows detection and suppression of distortions. For this purpose, the signals measured from the actual dynamic system are compared with the signals simulated by the system's model subjected to the same excitation as the actual system. Discrepancies between the actual and simulated signals are detected. They are analyzed to identify possible sources and forms of distorting signals. As the next step, the measured (actual) signals are corrected by removing estimated distortions. A methodology and software package capable of performing all functions necessary to implement the visualization of vibration have been developed in this research using LabVIEW® programming environment. As compared with commercial software for experimental modal analysis, the most distinctive feature of the developed package is improved accuracy achieved by applying concepts utilized in control theory, such as modeling of multi-input-multi-output (MIMO) systems and on-line system identification for the model development and correction of signals.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-10-02T17:43:45Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 JitpraphaiThanat1998.pdf: 18840139 bytes, checksum: 931f5e1fd4d7d028f8c54e00d2648b43 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-10-02T17:45:40Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 JitpraphaiThanat1998.pdf: 18840139 bytes, checksum: 931f5e1fd4d7d028f8c54e00d2648b43 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Sergio Trujillo (jstscanner@gmail.com) on 2012-10-01T22:28:40Z No. of bitstreams: 1 JitpraphaiThanat1998.pdf: 18840139 bytes, checksum: 931f5e1fd4d7d028f8c54e00d2648b43 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2012-10-02T17:45:40Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 JitpraphaiThanat1998.pdf: 18840139 bytes, checksum: 931f5e1fd4d7d028f8c54e00d2648b43 (MD5) Previous issue date: 1997-06-11

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