Graduate Thesis Or Dissertation

Comparison of two methods for measuring erythrocyte aspartate aminotransferase activity in humans

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  • We compared a kinetic method (KM) and a colorimetric method (CM) for measuring erythrocyte aspartate aminotransferase (EAST) activity. Twenty-three healthy college students including 7 men and 16 women, aged from 22 to 40 years, participated in this study. Vitamin B-6 status was assessed by EAST activity coefficient (EAST-AC), the ratio of EAST stimulated activity by adding PLP in vitro (EAST-SA) to basal activity (EAST-BA). These subjects' EAST indices (EAST-BA, EAST-SA and EAST-AC) were compared to their plasma PLP concentration and their dietary intake of vitamin B-6 as determined by the food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and 3-day dietary record. There was a significant correlation (r=0.59, p<0.01) in EAST-BA obtained by the two methods, while the correlation of EAST-SA values between the two methods was not significant (r=0.40, p=0.06). EAST-AC obtained with KM was linearly associated (r=0.57, p<0.01) to EAST-AC obtained with CM, but was 1.26 times higher (p<0.01) than that with CM. Thus, the method used for the determination of the normal EAST-AC value needs to be noted. None of EAST indices measured were significantly correlated with plasma PLP concentration. There was a high correlation for vitamin B-6 intake (r=0.65, p<0.01) and the ratio of vitamin B-6 to dietary protein (r=0.58, p<0.01) estimated between the FFQ and the 3-day dietary record. The results suggested the high validity of the FFQ for determining vitamin B-6 intake. Neither of these dietary methods was, however, correlated with any EAST activity indices or the plasma PLP concentration.
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