- The study was undertaken for the purpose of investigating the
relationship between clothing behavior and sex, Japanese and American
cultures, feminine or masculine personality types, and sex-role
concepts. The aspects of clothing behavior included in the study are
interest, tolerance, acceptance, and innovation of uni-sex clothing
items, and the femininity-masculinity ratings of uni-sex clothing
The instrument developed for the study consisted of four parts:
1) background information, Fe (femininity) scale of personality, and
a measure of sex-role concept which determined the subjects' degree
of restrictiveness on occupations which women should never have,
2) a measure of tolerance, acceptance, and innovation (T-A-I) of
uni-sex clothing items, (3) interest in uni-sex clothing items, and 4) an F-M rating scale for each of the 15 uni-sex items.
The participants were from the total Japanese student population
and a random selection of American students registered for the
1970 summer term at Oregon State University and the University of
Oregon. Also included were members of the Japanese-American
Study Program at Oregon State. The total sample included 78 subjects,
46 of them male and 32 female. Japanese and Americans
numbered 32 and 46, respectively.
Statistical analyses of the data included a two-tailed t-tests as
a measure of difference between the means of two variables and
simple correlations (r) between variables.
The study found that the men and women did differ in their
clothing behavior--in interest in, and tolerance, acceptance, and
innovation of uni-sex clothing items, and in the F-M ratings of the
items which they accepted. Women showed greater interest and
T-A-I, and rated the items more feminine than did the men. A
comparison between. Japanese and Americans found no significant
differences in any of the aspects of clothing behavior studied. Femininity-
masculinity of personality showed a relationship with the individuals'
F-M ratings of the uni-sex items which they accepted, with
the more feminine personality rating the accepted items more feminine.
Those differing in sex-role concept were found to differ in
interest in, and T-A-I of uni-sex clothing items. Greater interest and T-A-I were indicated by those with the less restrictive sex-role
concepts. The F-M ratings of items accepted did not differ among
those with differing sex-role concepts.