Evaluation of alcohol education on attitude, knowledge and self-reported behavior of college students Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/5q47rr680

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  • This research was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of two different types of alcohol education interventions on the attitudes about alcohol consumption in college, knowledge about alcohol, and self-reported alcohol consumption behavior of college students. The educational interventions were a student-centered CD-Rom interactive program, and a teacher-centered motivational speaker. Each intervention took approximately 60 minutes. The research was conducted at a small public university in Northern New York. Nine classes with a total enrollment of 360 students were randomly selected for the research. The demographic makeup of the sample was similar to that of the overall university population, including gender, class level, membership in Greek organizations and age. Three classes were randomly assigned to the CD-Rom program, three classes were randomly assigned to hear a motivational speaker, and three classes were randomly assigned to a control group. The instrument used was the Student Alcohol Questionnaire (SAQ). Students in all classes completed the SAQ four weeks after the Fall, 1999 semester began. The interventions were conducted the following week. The SAQ was administered again four, eight and twelve weeks post-intervention. Two measures of alcohol consumption behavior were used: A continuous variable measure of both amount of alcohol consumed and consequences related to intoxication, and a dichotomous variable for "heavy drinking," which is defined as more than five drinks in a row at least once a week. Multivariate analysis of variance was used to test for differences across attitude, knowledge and behavior and bivariate combinations of these outcome variables by group. No statistically significant differences were found on any of the post-interventions measures for any combination of aftitude, knowledge or behavior. Analysis of covariance was used to test for behavior difference alone, using the pre-intervention questionnaire results as the covariate. No statistically significant differences were found for behavior alone. Multiple regression techniques were used to determine if alcohol consumption behavior, as measured on the continuous scale, could be predicted by gender, grade point average, class level or religion. Gender (p .000) was the only predictor variable that was statistically significant, with men students consuming more alcohol than women students.
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