Single cross progeny evaluation in tall fescue, Festuca arundinacea, Schreb Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/5t34sn598

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  • All possible single crosses from three different maturity groups of 27 selected parental genotypes of tall fescue were established in a randomized block experiment to be evaluated in 1962 for five agronomic characters: height, width and maturity per plant; self -seed yield per plant; and forage yield per plant. For each character, general and specific combining ability effects, relationship among these characters and heritability estimates based on mean square expectations were obtained. Results of this study indicate that genetic diversity present in the original parental population resulted in significant differences among maturity groups for the characters measured, with the exception of self-seed yield. The variability within each group was small and significant only for maturity and self-seed yield in the intermediate group and for height and maturity in the late group, indicating that the progenies were quite uniform for the other characters. Significant correlation coefficients were noted between forage yield with height and width of the plant. This significant association was observed in all three maturity groups. Estimates of heritability in narrow sense for maturity and self-seed yield in the intermediate maturity group were 0.19 and 0.46, respectively. With the preponderance of additive gene effects for self-seed yield, the value of breeding material for this character may be indicated early in a breeding program.
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