Attitudes Toward Disability in Self and Other : Assessment and Educational Intervention Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/5t34sp77d

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  • Negative attitudes towards people with disabilities persist in our society, limiting the inclusion of people with disabilities in a multitude of social roles. Despite existing research on the nature of these attitudes and interventions to improve them, people with disabilities continue to cite social barriers as some of their greatest challenges (Dunn & Burcaw, 2013). Past research has often focused solely on the attitudes of people without disabilities towards those with disabilities, and has failed to involve people that have personal experience with disability in the research process. The present research consisted of two studies that were conducted to examine attitudes toward disability on both a group and interpersonal level, as well as the related factors of participant disability, the demographic factors and disability factors that influence attitudes (contact, age, gender, and type of and visibility of disability), and the impact of disability identity on the attitudes of people with disabilities towards others with disabilities. In addition, the second study examined the effects of education and the social model of disability on attitudes toward people with disabilities. The findings of the first study provide support for the role played by contact in attitudes toward disability and the differential effects of communal and personal disability identity in determining the attitudes of people with disabilities towards others with disabilities. The findings of the second study provide support for the efficacy of an educational intervention that addresses disability from the social model to improve attitudes about disability.
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