Graduate Thesis Or Dissertation

 

BaCuChF (Ch = S, Se, Te) p-type transparent conductors Public Deposited

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  • BaCuChF (Ch = S, Se, Te) materials are chalcogen-based transparent conductors with wide optical band gaps (2.9 – 3.5 eV) and a high concentration of free holes (10¹⁸ – 10²⁰ cm⁻³) caused by the presence of copper vacancies. Chalcogen vacancies compensate copper vacancies in these materials, setting the Fermi level close to the valence band maximum. BaCuChF thin film solid solutions prepared by pulsed laser deposition (PLD) have tunable properties, such as lattice constants, conductivity and optical band gaps. BaCuSF and BaCuSeF materials also feature room-temperature stable 3D excitons with spin-orbit-split levels. BaCuTeF has forbidden lowest-energy optical transitions which extends its transparency range. BaCuChF surfaces oxidize when exposed to air, but can be protected using Ch capping layers. Polycrystalline BaCuSeF thin films have a 4.85 eV work function, a 0.11 eV hole injection barrier into ZnPc, and 0.00 eV valence band offset with ZnTe. BaCuSeF should have s similar band offset and similar interfacial properties with CdTe and Cu(InGa)Se₂, and BaCuSF should have no valence band offset with Cu₂ZnSnS₄, according to the transitivity rule. Therefore, BaCuSeF is suitable for applications as a p-layer in organic light-emitting diodes, p-i-n double-heterojunction and tandem chalcogenide solar cells.
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