The degradation of kraft pulping wastes in estuarine waters Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/6108vd91m

Descriptions

Attribute NameValues
Creator
Abstract or Summary
  • The degradation of kraft pulping wastes in estuarine waters was measured in terms of the following parameters: five-day 20°C B.O.D., the Pearl-Benson Index, and toxicity to the bay mussel (Mytilus edulis L.). The waste tested was the total effluent from a combined pulp and paper mill producing 430 tons of kraft paper products per day. Samples of this waste were mixed with sea water to establish the desired test conditions. The degradation was evaluated at waste concentrations of three percent, seven percent, and ten percent by volume. These concentrations were tested in duplicate at salinity levels of 25 and 15 ppt. A constant amount of acclimated seed was used for all tests. The tests were conducted on a batch basis in large open plastic containers immersed in a constant temperature water bath. Stirring was provided to promote mixing and surface reaeration. Three 15 day test runs were conducted at 20°C and two at 12°C. The following conclusions were drawn based on the results of these experiments: 1. The degradation of kraft pulping wastes, as measured by the rate of change of five-day 20°C B.O.D , follows first-order kinetics. 2. The degradation of kraft waste proceeds at a faster rate in more dilute concentrations. 3. The degradation rate of the five-day B.O.D. appears to be independent of salinity, and thus nutrient concentration, for a given waste level. The ratio of B.O.D. to salinity, however, has an apparent correlation with the degradation rate at 20°C. 4. The toxicity of kraft waste, as measured by bioassays on the bay mussel, is biologically degradable. 5. There is no apparent correlation between the degradation of B.O.D., P.B.I., and toxicity.
Resource Type
Date Available
Date Copyright
Date Issued
Degree Level
Degree Name
Degree Field
Degree Grantor
Commencement Year
Advisor
Academic Affiliation
Non-Academic Affiliation
Subject
Rights Statement
Peer Reviewed
Language
Digitization Specifications
  • File scanned at 300 ppi using Capture Perfect 3.0 on a Canon DR-9050C in PDF format. CVista PdfCompressor 5.0 was used for pdf compression and textual OCR.
Replaces
Additional Information
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2014-04-16T19:10:39Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 O'NealGaryL1966_Redacted.pdf: 1646139 bytes, checksum: 71b51ef7788320f1bedd093d0ee6f5f6 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2014-04-18T18:01:59Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 O'NealGaryL1966_Redacted.pdf: 1625480 bytes, checksum: 840be68aa640f9cfd69564808d23af64 (MD5) Previous issue date: 1966-03-10
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Alex McFerrin (amscannerosu@gmail.com) on 2014-04-16T18:00:20Z No. of bitstreams: 1 O'NealGaryL1966_Redacted.pdf: 1646139 bytes, checksum: 71b51ef7788320f1bedd093d0ee6f5f6 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Rejected by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu), reason: replace on 2014-04-17T15:35:42Z (GMT)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2014-04-17T15:54:04Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 O'NealGaryL1966_Redacted.pdf: 1625480 bytes, checksum: 840be68aa640f9cfd69564808d23af64 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Alex McFerrin (amscannerosu@gmail.com) on 2014-04-17T15:42:15Z No. of bitstreams: 1 O'NealGaryL1966_Redacted.pdf: 1625480 bytes, checksum: 840be68aa640f9cfd69564808d23af64 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Katy Davis(kdscannerosu@gmail.com) on 2014-04-18T18:01:59Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 O'NealGaryL1966_Redacted.pdf: 1625480 bytes, checksum: 840be68aa640f9cfd69564808d23af64 (MD5)

Relationships

Parents:

This work has no parents.

Last modified

Downloadable Content

Download PDF

Items