The middle Deschutes River between Bend, Oregon and Lake Billy Chinook typically experiences critically low flows during the irrigation season. Commercial agriculture in the North Unit Irrigation District and Central Oregon Irrigation District is one major user of Deschutes River water. The overall objective of this research was to estimate the cost to transfer water from commercial agriculture operations to instream flow use assuming a water market existed. Two methods of providing water within commercial agriculture were considered; 1) lining irrigation district canals that supply water to farms and 2) changing on-farm water use. On-farm practices include adopting water conserving irrigation technologies and involvement in Oregon's water conservation program. Supply curves were generated for these alternatives assuming expected and alternative streamfiow levels. Results indicated that changing crop rotations, adopting water conserving technologies and participating in Oregon's conservation program were used, depending on the market price for water. Canal lining, however, was generally the most cost-effective means of providing water to enhance flows in the middle Deschutes River.