Graduate Project

 

U.S. Forest Service wilderness management: problems and management methods of four wilderness areas in the Pacific Northwest Public Deposited

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https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_projects/6395w789c

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  • Increasing wilderness use, and the uneven distribution of use within wilderness areas, have contributed to management problems. Problems associated with some heavily visited areas are in conflict with the intent of the Wilderness Act of 1964. One of the constraints hindering optimal management has been the decentralized nature of the U.S. Forest Service which has made it difficult for managers to be aware of the problems and management methods of other wilderness areas. In this study, the problems and management methods of four wilderness areas in the Pacific Northwest have been identified. The primary problems of the four areas have been classified into two categories: environmental degradation, involving camping areas and trails; and administrative problems. Although study area managers did not have a common definition of unacceptable physical or social impact they all agreed that environmental degradation was occurring in some portions of the wilderness. The management approaches which have been utilized to mitigate these problems represent techniques in visitor management, resource management, or administrative methods. Techniques in visitor management, involving regulation and education, have been implemented the most frequently. It is difficult to measure the individual effectiveness of a technique because of the interrelated nature of all techniques. Managers felt mitigation was the most effective when complementary techniques from different categories were implemented concurrently.
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