Design, modeling and performance of miniature reciprocating expander for a heat actuated heat pump Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/6395w991t

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  • A miniature reciprocating expander is being developed as part of a larger program to develop a heat actuated heat pump for portable applications. By utilizing the higher energy density of liquid hydrocarbon fuels relative to batteries, a heat actuated heat pump would be able to provide cooling for much longer than motor driven units of equal weight. A prototype expander has been constructed and demonstrated to produce up to 22 W of shaft power at 2500 rpm using 60 psig, room temperature nitrogen as the input. Assuming adiabatic conditions, the expander appears to operate at up to 80% isentropic efficiency. However, when heat inflow to the expander is accounted for, the resulting polytropic efficiency is about 10% lower. In addition to experimental results, models of expander performance with different loss mechanisms are presented. These mechanisms include over- and under-expansion, in-cylinder heat transfer, clearance volume, friction, and valve pressure drop.
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