Graduate Thesis Or Dissertation

Hydrogen-stimulated CO₂ fixation and coordinate derepression of hydrogenase and ribulosebisphosphate carboxylase in a H₂-uptake positive strain of Rhizobium japonicum

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  • H₂-uptake positive strains (122 DES and SR) and H₂-uptake negative strains SR2 and SR3 of Rhizobium japonicum were examined for ribulosebisphosphate (RuBP) carboxylase and H₂-uptake activities during growth conditions which induced formation of the hydrogenase system. The rate of ¹⁴CO₂ uptake by hydrogenase-induced cells was about six times greater in the presence than in the absence of H₂. RuBP carboxylase activity was observed in free-living R. japonicum strains 122 DES or SR only when the cells were derepressed for their hydrogenase system. Hydrogenase and RuBP carboxylase activities were coordinately induced by H₂ and both were repressed by added succinate. Hydrogenase-negative mutant strains SR2 and SR3 derived from R. japonicum SR showed no detectable RuBP carboxylase activities under hydrogenase derepression conditions. No detectable RuBP carboxylase was observed in bacteroids formed by H₂- uptake positive strains R. japonicum 122 DES or SR. Propionyl CoA carboxylase activity was consistently observed in extracts of cells from free-living cultures of R. japonicum but activity was not appreciably influenced by the addition of H₂. Neither phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase nor phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase activity was detected in extracts of R. japonicum.
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