What's that on the beach? Designing a Protocol for the Identification and Reporting of Stranded Marine Fish, Squid, and Turtles Using the Oregon Coast as a Proof-of-Concept Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/6m311t64k

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  • It is not unusual to see stranded or washed-up marine animals and birds along any coastline. Various networks nationwide exist to report marine mammals and sea birds, yet, we have been unable to find a network in Oregon or nationally to report other stranded marine animals, namely fish, cephalopods, and reptiles. Existing networks for sea turtles, an endangered species, are incomplete. When a stranded fish, squid or turtle is found in Oregon, calls are frequently placed to a variety of locations because there is not a single publicized location or person to contact. Additionally, the specifics of the information provided by the public are generally unreliable. This paper will describe the creation of a citizen scientist opportunity for tourist or resident beachcombers to participate in an ongoing and necessary marine research project. A protocol was designed and evaluated, in both English and Spanish, that enables “citizen scientists” to identify washed-up or stranded marine reptiles, fish, and cephalopods along the coast. This protocol created a central location in which users can access information to identify species, know what information to record, and where to report it. The Oregon Coast was used as a proof-of-concept of the efficacy, usability and adaptability of the protocol. A This document will further discuss the myriad benefits this protocol provides to the areas of marine research, endangered species protection, researcher cooperation and collaboration, and community involvement in marine science, as well as long-term plans and possibilities for the future.
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  • PART I. INTRODUCTION AND SUMMARY ............................................................... 1 1.1 BACKGROUND AND RATIONALE .......................................................................1 1.1.1 Stranded animal reporting networks .................................................................. 2 1.1.2 Strandings in Oregon ......................................................................................... 4 1.1.3 Project overview ................................................................................................ 8 1.2 PROJECT GOALS AND OBJECTIVES .............................................................. 10 1.2.1 Primary Objectives........................................................................................... 11 1.2.2 Secondary Objectives ....................................................................................... 12 1.2.3 Personal Objectives .......................................................................................... 13 1.3 PROJECT SIGNIFICANCE AND BENEFITS ...................................................... 14 1.3.1 Improved marine research ................................................................................ 14 1.3.2 Protecting endangered species ......................................................................... 17 1.3.3 Increased collaboration and cooperation, and unified networks ...................... 18 1.3.4 Community involvement in marine research ................................................... 19 PART 2 - PROTOCOL DEVELOPMENT .................................................................... 25 2.1 - LITERATURE REVIEW ...................................................................................... 25 2.1.1 Single-access keys ........................................................................................... 27 2.2.2 Field guides ...................................................................................................... 29 2.2.3 Dichotomous keys versus field guides ............................................................. 31 2.2 - METHODOLOGY ............................................................................................... 33 2.2.1 - Development of the format ............................................................................ 33 2.2.2 - Focus groups .................................................................................................. 37 2.2.3 - Finalization .................................................................................................... 41 2.3 - APP DEVELOPMENT ....................................................................................... 42 2.3.1 Smartphone application walkthrough .............................................................. 43 2.3.2 Future smartphone application plans ............................................................... 47 2.4 - INITIAL DISTRIBUTION ................................................................................... 48 2.5 - SUMMATIVE EVALUATION .............................................................................. 48 2.6 - FUTURE DISTRIBUTION PLANS ..................................................................... 49 PART 3 - WEBSITE AND DATABASE CREATION ................................................... 51 3.1 - PURPOSE ........................................................................................................ 51 3.2 - WEBSITE CREATION ....................................................................................... 51 3.2.1 - Logistics......................................................................................................... 51 3.2.2 - Overview/walkthrough .................................................................................. 52 3.2.3 - Research/public use opportunities ................................................................. 57 3.3 - DATABASE CREATION .................................................................................... 58 3.3.1 - Logistics......................................................................................................... 58 3.3.2 - Future plans ................................................................................................... 60 REFERENCES .......................................................................................................... 61 APPENDIX A ............................................................................................................. 70 APPENDIX B ............................................................................................................. 75
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  • description.provenance : Submitted by Danielle Asson (assond@onid.orst.edu) on 2013-09-10T20:53:46Z No. of bitstreams: 2 AssonDanielleC2013.pdf: 5708378 bytes, checksum: aca63f21bd1c806ef21876588edcc298 (MD5) license_rdf: 1232 bytes, checksum: bb87e2fb4674c76d0d2e9ed07fbb9c86 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2013-09-20T15:34:59Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 2 AssonDanielleC2013.pdf: 5708378 bytes, checksum: aca63f21bd1c806ef21876588edcc298 (MD5) license_rdf: 1232 bytes, checksum: bb87e2fb4674c76d0d2e9ed07fbb9c86 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2013-08-30
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Sue Kunda(sue.kunda@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-09-20T15:34:59Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 2 AssonDanielleC2013.pdf: 5708378 bytes, checksum: aca63f21bd1c806ef21876588edcc298 (MD5) license_rdf: 1232 bytes, checksum: bb87e2fb4674c76d0d2e9ed07fbb9c86 (MD5)

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