Graduate Thesis Or Dissertation

A systems approach to organization, control, and instruction for industrial safety education

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  • The purpose of the study was to demonstrate the effectiveness of a safety systems approach, so designed, to reduce instructional needs by the application of research to the conceptualization and development of a computer-assisted safety management program. Procedure Two hundred accredited schools served as the respondent population for the study. A representative sampling from administrators in 50 percent of these schools served as the statistical base. A computer printout provided the data base tabulations for determination of appropriate product development. A comprehensive questionnaire was utilized to identify Industrial Education Safety needs. The questionnaire was designed to facilitate computer tabulations of statistical data relating to school size, staff size, number of course offerings, policy development, program development, program standardization, safety media needs, safety equipment needs, organizational, housekeeping and in-service needs. A Likert-type scale was used to ascertain intensity of instructor-perceived safety problems. The mean, mode, standard error, standard deviation, median, variance and missing cases were reported. Computation of absolute, relative, adjusted and cumulative frequencies were listed. The adjusted frequency percent was tabulated and arranged chronologically by percentage to measure intensity of needs and intensity of problems. An arbitrary lower limit was selected as a cutoff point in the needs determination. Needs were classified in administrator, instructor, and student categories. Further classification determined hardware, software, curriculum, policy, and media needs. These needs were used as the base line data to determine product specifications. A systems approach to satisfy these identified needs was designed. The approach included research of the literature, research of developed models and conceptualized proposals. After problem identification was determined, a conceptual solution of need and problem removal was flow-charted by means of Program Evaluation Review Technique (PERT). The resolution of this conceptualization resulted in a demonstration model. The model was evaluated in terms of its capability of satisfying the previously identified problems. Conclusions A systems approach is an effective tool in the identification and resolution of broad base needs. A systems approach provides a base line data format from which global information may be visualized to better facilitate decision making. A systems approach for conceptualization to disposition of identifiable needs is demonstratable in product applicability. A product so designed, through a systems approach, may be improved, and evaluated in terms of its functions. A safety education delivery model is an essential tool for program development at the school district level. Suggestions for Further Study and Development This study should be extended to provide an operational model of general safety program implementation at the Local Education Agency level. A model should include: (1) policy development at the school board level; (2) program planning at the district administration level; (3) program support; (4) student services; (5) instructional support; and (6) program evaluation. A similar study should be conducted to determine support services necessary for local education agencies to reach compliance with Oregon Revised Statutes. A similar study should be conducted to ascertain the minimal organizational structure (personnel) needed for the maintenance of a local education agency's operational safety program. A similar study should be conducted to provide a documentation process for LEA's to assess their "safety condition" in relation to Oregon Administrative Rule mandates. A similar study should be conducted to provide information essential to the reporting and monitoring of safety programs. Product development should be extended to include: (1) a radio controlled receiver /transmitter for machine interrupt; (2) a network design with central computer capacity for record keeping of machine use, maintenance, amortization, and expendable cost control; and (3) individualized instructional materials (by machine) for safety competence.
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