Exploring the potential for using deep-sea bamboo corals (Isidella sp.) for paleoceanographic reconstructions Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/6t053j32n

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  • Deep-sea bamboo coral (Isidella sp.) SE000901A from the southern Oregon coast (water depth 1048m) provides a high-resolution record of variability of North Pacific Intermediate Water (NPIW) and carbon rain to the sea floor, related to coastal upwelling, from 1808 to 2000AD. Counting of annual layers in magnesium to calcium (Mg/Ca) variations, measured by electron microprobe analysis, yields a detailed age model that is transferred directly to records of carbon and oxygen isotope ratios (δ¹³C and δ¹⁸O) measured by isotope ratio mass spectrometry and trace element ratios measured by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS). A significant linear relationship between δ¹³C and δ¹⁸O measured on the carbonate internode of the coral specimen revealed disequilibrium kinetic isotopic variations that depend on calcification rate. The stable isotopic time series are significantly correlated to cadmium to calcium ratios (Cd/Ca) in the carbonate internode, suggesting that cadmium uptake also reflects the rate of calcification. Comparison of phosphorus to calcium ratios (P/Ca) in the carbonate internode to historical records of oxygen concentrations of NPIW suggests that coralline P/Ca is related to the phosphate content of the ambient bottom water, which covaries inversely with oxygen concentration. Stable carbon and nitrogen isotopic ratios (δ¹³C and δ¹⁵N) were measured on two organic gorgonin nodes of our bamboo coral, but incomplete understanding of the gorgonin growth patterns and the difficulty in translating ages between the proteinaceous node and calcareous internode preclude detailed comparison between organic stable isotopes and the trace element and isotopic composition of the well-dated carbonate proxies. Based on correlation of the measured properties to historical variations in coastal upwelling, and high-latitude climate variability, we demonstrate the potential and challenges in using deep-sea bamboo corals to extend records of climate variability into the pre-historical past.
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  • description.provenance : Submitted by Jonathan Hornung (hornungj@onid.orst.edu) on 2012-02-10T20:06:05Z No. of bitstreams: 8 Appendix E - Environmental Indices.pdf: 78531 bytes, checksum: 067f0fc1b53a13481cfd39f4cf92f1ae (MD5) Appendix D - Stable Isotope Data.pdf: 35342 bytes, checksum: 562b23bdb74036a1d51489729b1e3930 (MD5) Appendix C - Peak Counting.pdf: 29694 bytes, checksum: ecc1d4cb2cde9047b1249c7eb731f926 (MD5) Appendix B - Trace Element Data.pdf: 598837 bytes, checksum: 14e0907a25983ddddfe042d10b5c6a5c (MD5) Appendix A - Major Element Data.pdf: 164404 bytes, checksum: 2bcb738c767d74122374c25eb49eddaa (MD5) HornungJonathanP2011.pdf: 9617514 bytes, checksum: 1fc63872528ee6a7d0f8c5e94273684e (MD5) license_rdf: 21791 bytes, checksum: edec36a05ea144a7d0904ee6714c2151 (MD5) license_text: 0 bytes, checksum: d41d8cd98f00b204e9800998ecf8427e (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2012-02-13T16:44:01Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 8 Appendix E - Environmental Indices.pdf: 78531 bytes, checksum: 067f0fc1b53a13481cfd39f4cf92f1ae (MD5) Appendix D - Stable Isotope Data.pdf: 35342 bytes, checksum: 562b23bdb74036a1d51489729b1e3930 (MD5) Appendix C - Peak Counting.pdf: 29694 bytes, checksum: ecc1d4cb2cde9047b1249c7eb731f926 (MD5) Appendix B - Trace Element Data.pdf: 598837 bytes, checksum: 14e0907a25983ddddfe042d10b5c6a5c (MD5) Appendix A - Major Element Data.pdf: 164404 bytes, checksum: 2bcb738c767d74122374c25eb49eddaa (MD5) HornungJonathanP2011.pdf: 9617514 bytes, checksum: 1fc63872528ee6a7d0f8c5e94273684e (MD5) license_rdf: 21791 bytes, checksum: edec36a05ea144a7d0904ee6714c2151 (MD5) license_text: 0 bytes, checksum: d41d8cd98f00b204e9800998ecf8427e (MD5) Previous issue date: 2011-06-10
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Laura Wilson(laura.wilson@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-02-13T16:44:01Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 8 Appendix E - Environmental Indices.pdf: 78531 bytes, checksum: 067f0fc1b53a13481cfd39f4cf92f1ae (MD5) Appendix D - Stable Isotope Data.pdf: 35342 bytes, checksum: 562b23bdb74036a1d51489729b1e3930 (MD5) Appendix C - Peak Counting.pdf: 29694 bytes, checksum: ecc1d4cb2cde9047b1249c7eb731f926 (MD5) Appendix B - Trace Element Data.pdf: 598837 bytes, checksum: 14e0907a25983ddddfe042d10b5c6a5c (MD5) Appendix A - Major Element Data.pdf: 164404 bytes, checksum: 2bcb738c767d74122374c25eb49eddaa (MD5) HornungJonathanP2011.pdf: 9617514 bytes, checksum: 1fc63872528ee6a7d0f8c5e94273684e (MD5) license_rdf: 21791 bytes, checksum: edec36a05ea144a7d0904ee6714c2151 (MD5) license_text: 0 bytes, checksum: d41d8cd98f00b204e9800998ecf8427e (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Julie Kurtz(julie.kurtz@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-02-10T21:03:32Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 8 Appendix E - Environmental Indices.pdf: 78531 bytes, checksum: 067f0fc1b53a13481cfd39f4cf92f1ae (MD5) Appendix D - Stable Isotope Data.pdf: 35342 bytes, checksum: 562b23bdb74036a1d51489729b1e3930 (MD5) Appendix C - Peak Counting.pdf: 29694 bytes, checksum: ecc1d4cb2cde9047b1249c7eb731f926 (MD5) Appendix B - Trace Element Data.pdf: 598837 bytes, checksum: 14e0907a25983ddddfe042d10b5c6a5c (MD5) Appendix A - Major Element Data.pdf: 164404 bytes, checksum: 2bcb738c767d74122374c25eb49eddaa (MD5) HornungJonathanP2011.pdf: 9617514 bytes, checksum: 1fc63872528ee6a7d0f8c5e94273684e (MD5) license_rdf: 21791 bytes, checksum: edec36a05ea144a7d0904ee6714c2151 (MD5) license_text: 0 bytes, checksum: d41d8cd98f00b204e9800998ecf8427e (MD5)

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