Biology and systematics of bee mites of the family Varroidae (Acari: Mesostigmata) Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/6t053m543

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  • The bee mites Varroa jacobsoni Oudemaris and Euvarroa sinhai Delfinado and Baker (Family Varroidae) are reported for the first time from Thailand. V. jacobsoni was found parasitizing colonies of Apis cerana indica F. and A. mellifera L., E. sinhai was observed in association with drones of A. florea F. The biology of both mite species was investigated. It was found that the life cycles of V. jacobsoni and E. sinhai are bionomically similar, since the larva complete its development within the egg, the first stage to appear is the protonymph. The protonymph is followed by the deutonymph, which then moults to the adult male or female. Only the female of either species was found to be phoretic on adult honey bees. All other developmental stages inhabit the inside of the bee brood cell. The systematics of the family Varroidae also is reviewed. Taxonomic descriptions of the egg, protonymph, deutonyrnph and male of E. sinhai are presented here for the first time. New data on the immature stages of V. jacobsoni also are included.
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