Graduate Thesis Or Dissertation

 

Specific loading protocols to promote bone mineral density in young women Public Deposited

Downloadable Content

Download PDF
https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/7d278z037

Descriptions

Attribute NameValues
Creator
Abstract
  • Osteoporosis is characterized by low bone mineral density (BMD), bone fragility, and an increased risk of osteoporotic fracture. The disease is systemic in nature but potential solutions include exercises prescriptions that target the clinically relevant sites of osteoporosis (hip and spine) to improve bone mass. The aim of this dissertation was to determine if atypical loading and load magnitude increased bone mass at the hip and spine, respectively, in young athletic women. The first study sought to determine if six months of uncustomary loading in the form of a "hip drop", increased BMD at the hip in young women (n=39, aged 20.2 ± 1.3 years). The hip drop applied a direct side impact to the right greater trochanter, the left hip was the control. The second study compared the spine BMD response after six months of rowing training in experienced (n=16, aged 21.2 ± 1.2 years) and novice rowers (n=19, aged 19.5 ± 0.8 years) with a control group (n=14, aged 19.2 ± 1.6 years). Bone mineral density at the hip and spine were measured in the first and second studies, respectively. Results from the first study showed a significant difference in BMD between hips at the femoral neck but there were no side-to-side differences at the greater trochanter or the total hip. The second study revealed that six months of rowing training increased spine BMD in the experienced rowers (2.1%) but not in the novices (-0.05%).
Resource Type
Date Available
Date Copyright
Date Issued
Degree Level
Degree Name
Degree Field
Degree Grantor
Commencement Year
Advisor
Committee Member
Academic Affiliation
Non-Academic Affiliation
Subject
Rights Statement
Peer Reviewed
Language
Digitization Specifications
  • File scanned at 300 ppi (Monochrome, 256 Grayscale) using Capture Perfect 3.0 on a Canon DR-9050C in PDF format. CVista PdfCompressor 4.0 was used for pdf compression and textual OCR.
Replaces
Additional Information
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2012-08-21T16:49:14Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 LaRiviereJaneA2002.pdf: 651647 bytes, checksum: 54f56aada4eddd6eb0959355276bcc53 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2002-04-24
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-08-21T16:49:14Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 LaRiviereJaneA2002.pdf: 651647 bytes, checksum: 54f56aada4eddd6eb0959355276bcc53 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Kirsten Clark (kcscannerosu@gmail.com) on 2012-08-20T22:01:16Z No. of bitstreams: 1 LaRiviereJaneA2002.pdf: 651647 bytes, checksum: 54f56aada4eddd6eb0959355276bcc53 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-08-21T16:46:50Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 LaRiviereJaneA2002.pdf: 651647 bytes, checksum: 54f56aada4eddd6eb0959355276bcc53 (MD5)

Relationships

Parents:

This work has no parents.

Items