Experimental Study of Nucleate Boiling Bubble Dynamics and Heat Transfer Enhancement on Printed Bi-functional Surfaces Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/7h149s342

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  • Boiling heat transfer is studied for its ability to dissipate high fluxes and achieve heat transfer coefficients two orders of magnitude greater than single-phase heat transfer systems. Heater surface enhancement with increased surface area, varied geometry, wettability contrast and micro/nano-structures can further enhance boiling heat transfer performance through bubble nucleation augmentation. Bubble nucleation control, growth and departure dynamics is important in understanding boiling phenomena and enhancing nucleate boiling heat transfer performance. Bi-functional surfaces for enhanced boiling heat transfer were fabricated and studied through investigation of bubble dynamics and pool boiling experiments. For the fabrication of the surface, hydrophobic polymer dot arrays are first printed on a substrate, followed by hydrophilic ZnO nanostructure deposition via microreactor-assisted nanomaterial deposition (MAND) processing. Wettability contrast between the hydrophobic polymer dot arrays and aqueous ZnO solution allows for the fabrication of surfaces with distinct wettability regions. Bi-functional surfaces with various configurations were fabricated and their bubble dynamics were examined at elevated heat flux, revealing various nucleate boiling phenomena. In particular, aligned and patterned bubbles with a tunable departure frequency and diameter were demonstrated in a boiling experiment for the first time. A pool boiling experimental facility has been designed and built to investigate nucleate pool boiling in water at atmospheric pressure. Resulting boiling curves of enhanced surfaces showed up to 3X enhancement in heat transfer coefficients at the same surface superheat using bi-functional surfaces, compared to a bare stainless steel surface. The surfaces show promising results for energy savings in two-phase change applications.
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