Structural effects on Arthrobacter ATCC 25581 methylene hydroxylase activity Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/7m01bq027

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  • Arthrobacter ATCC 25581, capable of subterminal oxidation of n-hexadecane to 2-, 3-, and 4- alcoholic and ketonic products, was examined for the ability of this methylene hydroxylase capability to be induced and repressed, and for structural relationships influencing methylene function oxidation. Induction was best carried out by use of n-alkanes from 10 to 1 6 carbons in length, and was especially strong with methylcyclohexane among cyclic compounds tested. Induction was not observed with related alcohols, 1 -unsaturate compounds or by methoxy and ethoxy compounds tested. After induction, n-alkanes C₁₄ and C₁₆ carbons in length were transformed to the corresponding internal oxidation products; however, no activity was observed with shorter chain length even-carbon alkanes. Hexadecene-1 and all alcohols tested, including cyclododecanol, were transformed to corresponding ketonic or aldehydic products. Cyclic compounds tested, including cyclododecane, were not oxidized by induced cells, suggesting the role of a methyl group in orientation of the substrate for the methylene hydroxylation, but that the methyl function was not as critical after completion of the hydroxylation step, regardless of structural configuration. Acetate, a preferred growth substrate for this isolate, was able to repress induction of n-hexadecane methylene hydroxylase activity. Inducibility of methylene hydroxylase activity was confirmed by use of cell-free systems, using methylcyclohexane as an inducer. A stimulation of methylene hydroxylase activity by addition of reduced pyridine nucleotides and ferrous ion was indicated.
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