The effects of using a cation exchange water softener on blood pressure Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/8623j1386

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  • Water in 70 percent of the cities in the United States is hard enough that softening is either required or recommended. It is estimated that approximately 30 percent of all homes in the United States use water softeners. Water softeners, the cation exchange types suited for residential use, exchange sodium for the calcium and magnesium in water. The increase in sodium levels in the softened water caused by cation exchange softening is a direct function of the hardness level of the untreated water. For people who use groundwater, which has a relatively high level of naturally occurring sodium, magnesium and calcium, the additional sodium from cation exchange water softeners may create health hazards for the general population and could adversely affect those who are sensitive to salt or on low sodium diets. To prevent potential health hazards for the general population, no consumption of softened water by cation exchange water softeners should be recommended. If soft water is needed for some practical reasons, a "Separate Water Line System" should be recommended for homeowners.
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  • File scanned at 300 ppi (Monochrome) using ScandAll PRO 1.8.1 on a Fi-6770A in PDF format. CVista PdfCompressor 5.0 was used for pdf compression and textual OCR.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-04-01T21:16:12Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 KangKiSung1991.pdf: 1312200 bytes, checksum: 3ae7c2e9caf05d70e90b9c124c40776b (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-04-01T21:11:43Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 KangKiSung1991.pdf: 1312200 bytes, checksum: 3ae7c2e9caf05d70e90b9c124c40776b (MD5)
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