Time used for household work : comparisons for farm, rural nonfarm, and urban women Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/8c97kt188

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  • This study examined time spent in various activities by farm women. Emphasis was placed on household work time and how time is apportioned among various household work activities. Time use of farm women was compared to rural nonfarm women and urban women. Data were from An Interstate Comparison of Urban/Rural Families' Time Use (NE113). The sample consisted of a stratified random sample of 2100 two-parent, two-child families within the rural and urban areas of eleven states. Families were selected to equally represent 5 strata based on age of the youngest child. Time diary records were kept for each member of the family (over the age of six) for a recall day and a record day. Farm women spent about 49 hours a week in household work; rural nonfarm and urban women spent about 46 hours per week. Food preparation and dishwashing took the greatest portion of household work time; about 15 hours per week. Farm, rural nonfarm, and urban women did not spend significantly different amounts of time in total household work, nor in the subcategories of household work (food preparation/ dishwashing, housecleaning/maintenance of home, yard, car, or pet; care/construction of clothing; physical/nonphysical care of family members; shopping and management). Farm women spent significantly more time in unpaid labor on the family farm or business than did rural nonfarm or urban women. Stepwise multiple regression analysis identified hours in paid employment as the factor which contributed most to a decrease in farm, rural nonfarm, and urban women's time in household work. Hours in unpaid work and the age of the youngest child also contributed to explained variance of household work time for all three groups, although the Beta value for unpaid work of farm women was not significant. A combination of food preservation and equipment ownership variables explained little of the variance in time spent in food preparation by farm, rural nonfarm, and urban women. Consideration was given to the implications for family decision making, public policy, and further research.
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