Development of a control system for a walking machine leg Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/8g84mp68h

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  • This thesis presents a control system for a walking machine leg. The leg is representative of one of the six legs required for a proposed walking machine based on the geometry of the darkling beetle. Each of the three joints is controlled by a DC servo motor mounted to the base of the leg. The speed of the motors is controlled with pulse width modulation. Feedback of joint positions is accomplished with potentiometers mounted on the actual joints. A five-point path, forming a rectangle in the global coordinate system, is used as a skeleton of the path of movement. Desired times and accelerations from point to point are used to develop the path of movement, which smoothes corners and velocity transitions along the path. To create a model of the dynamics of each joint, a constant motor speed is output and the joint velocity and joint angle are recorded. From several trials at several different motor speeds, relationships between the joint velocity, joint angle, and motor speed can be found. This data is then least squares fit in two dimensions to give two second order functions. The first function uses the desired joint angle to calculate the variance from the mean joint velocity. This variance is then added to the desired joint velocity and is used in the second function to calculate the needed motor signal. Feedback control is accomplished using a PID control system. Because of the high level of noise in the feedback signal, a digital noise filter is used. Both moving average and linear regression techniques are examined. Performance of the system is measured by comparing the actual path in Cartesian coordinates to the desired path of movement. The RMS error is taken along the path, during the time frame of the ideal system. The maximum Cartesian error along the path is also used in evaluation. To determine suitable feedback gain combinations, several experiments are run and evaluated. Data is plotted and suitable values are chosen for the feedback gains based on their performance and sensitivity to change in performance. The performance of the leg is measured for a basic rectangular path, the basic path with a variation in step angle, and the basic path with a constant body velocity.
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  • description.provenance : Submitted by Kirsten Clark (kcscannerosu@gmail.com) on 2013-02-28T18:55:42Z No. of bitstreams: 1 ThompsonEricWilliam1992.pdf: 4797952 bytes, checksum: b46fa5aedfb18b0cb2a02179e1237d52 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-03-04T17:12:48Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 ThompsonEricWilliam1992.pdf: 4797952 bytes, checksum: b46fa5aedfb18b0cb2a02179e1237d52 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2013-03-04T17:12:48Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 ThompsonEricWilliam1992.pdf: 4797952 bytes, checksum: b46fa5aedfb18b0cb2a02179e1237d52 (MD5) Previous issue date: 1992-05-08
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-02-28T19:38:30Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 ThompsonEricWilliam1992.pdf: 4797952 bytes, checksum: b46fa5aedfb18b0cb2a02179e1237d52 (MD5)

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