Factors contributing to the performance of fundamental motor skills in young children prenatally exposed to cocaine/polydrugs Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/8k71nk381

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  • This study was designed to assess the relationship of selected factors to the developmental outcome of fundamental motor skill performance in young children ages 3 to 6 years residing in foster or adoptive care, and have a documented history of prenatal exposure to cocaine and other drugs. Using an ecological theory of child development and the person-process-context model, the study focused on the child's development in selected gross motor skills. Through multiple regression analysis, the study considered the contributions of the following on motor skill performance as measured by the Test of Gross Motor Development: child effortful control as measured by the Children's Behavior Questionnaire, the nonbiological mother's parental attitude as measured by the adapted Parent Attitude Survey, the amount of early intervention services as recorded in the child's medical chart. Participants included 28 children (15 males and 13 females) and their foster or adoptive mother. There is suggestive but inconclusive evidence for the hypothesis that fundamental motor skill performance is predicted by the interaction of the child's effortful control, the nonbiological mother's understanding and confidence, and the amount of early intervention service the child received, [F (7, 20)=2.24, p<0.07 ]. Trends in the data suggest gross motor performance increases with high levels of early intervention, given children with low effortful control and low levels of parental confidence and understanding. In addition, early gross motor scores did not predict fundamental motor skills, r=.10. Despite a 38% rate of identified early gross motor delay, no child was delayed in fundamental motor skill at ages 3 to 6 years. Fundamental motor skill performance ranged from average to superior, M=121.54. Motor performance was assessed in a clinical setting and caution is recommended when considering skill performance within group settings. Based on this study, children with prenatal exposure to cocaine/polydrugs are viewed as variable in temperamental control and gross motor performance, but perform at an average to above average level in gross motor skill. Further research is needed to validate trends, specifically regarding the interactive effects of child effortful control, parental attitude, and the amount of early intervention service received.
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