Developing tools to improve tsunami resilient design of coastal structures Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/8k71nn528

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  • Over the last decade the world has seen three major tsunamis strike the coasts of Indonesia, Samoa, and Chile. These tsunamis have caused significant losses of life and property on the coastal cities of these and nearby countries. The NEES (Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation) Housesmash project was created to look at some of the specific effects of the inundation phase of a tsunami. Specifically the Housesmash2 project, which was conducted at the O.H. Hinsdale Wave Lab at Oregon State University, looked at several different hazards and mitigation techniques for tsunami resilient design. Some of the research from this project will be presented in the following two manuscripts, each based on a small part of the project. The first manuscript looks at the effect of small finite width engineered seawalls which can be used as a mitigation technique to reduce tsunami induced loads such as hydrodynamic drag by deflecting the incoming water over and/or around the wall, thus reducing the bore energy. In this experiment 5 unique wall heights, cross shore locations, and wave heights were systematically varied to determine the effects of each. From this, the most and least important factors can be determined, which will help to design walls that are the most efficient in reducing tsunami loads. The tests showed that seawalls can substantially reduce the hydrodynamic loads, a reduction factor as big as 0.1(90% reduction) was observed during testing. These results agree very well with published field reconnaissance reports from the 2004 Sumatra tsunami. To make this research useful for design engineers, equations were developed to predict the reduction in hydrodynamic load on a structure. These equations use the offshore wave size, bore height, wall height, and location to determine the reduction factor. The second manuscript looks at the potently catastrophic effects of debris impact, specifically impact from shipping containers. For this experiment 1:25 scaled shipping containers were built to 7 different weights corresponding to 45% to 112% of scaled weight of the ISO (International Organization for Standardization) legal limit of 30,400kg. During this experiment the mass, cross-shore starting location, starting orientation, and offshore wave height were varied to better understand the effects of each. Impact forces were recorded on a 1:25 scale model of a proposed tsunami evacuation facility with open columns on the ground level. The containers were tracked as they traversed across the beach and impacted the structure using newly developed optical methods. Several published methods of predicting impact forces were tested against the experimental data showing the accuracy of each. In addition new methods for predicting impact forces are proposed based off of further analysis of the data set recorded.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Laura Wilson(laura.wilson@oregonstate.edu) on 2010-12-21T22:00:06Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 ThomasSethA - Thesis (final).pdf: 1221236 bytes, checksum: 113e220ca0c397759ed0d76b7f4dc44c (MD5)
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