The effects of physical fitness programs on the job performance of full-time employees in public universities of Oregon Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/8p58ph676

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  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of participation in physical fitness programs on the self-perceived level of job performance of Oregon public university employees. A volunteer sample of 344 fulltime public university employees responded to the specifically designed questionnaire. Job performance was measured by job satisfaction, work productivity, general health attitude, and university commitment as positive indicators, and absences due to illness as a negative indicator. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, analysis of variance, and the Scheffe test. Public university employees tended to exercise by themselves rather than participate in the university physical fitness program and were generally involved in greater frequency of exercise; however, a considerable number were not involved in regular exercise. Male public university employees participated in more active physical fitness programs while the female employees participated in less active programs. University employees within the 34 to 54 age range were more actively involved in physical fitness programs than those in the younger or older age ranges. Popular choices of exercise activities were individual exercises. Participation in physical fitness activities had a positive effect on higher self-perceived levels of job performance, particularly in general health attitude; however, it was not substantiated that participation in physical fitness activities does affect job satisfaction, work productivity, university commitment, and absenteeism.
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