Novel oxylipins and other bioactive metabolites from marine algae Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/8s45qc278

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  • I have participated in a drug discovery program designed to screen marine algae for inhibitors of cancer-related enzymes, antitumor compounds, antiinflammatory substances, and other agents of potential pharmaceutical utility. Over 1,500 lipid and aqueous extracts of marine plants and animals were surveyed for biomedical potential. Assays designed to screen extracts for new types of marine toxins have served to guide the isolation and identification of biologically active compounds. Extracts of the Oregon marine alga Constantinea simplex were found to contain a mixture of constanolactones, and lactonized cyclopropyl-containing oxylipin metabolites that logically derive from arachidonic and eicosapentaenoic acids. Spectroscopic analysis and chiroptical measurements of the natural products and various synthetically produced derivatives afforded the structures of seven structurally related compounds. Nakienones A-C and nakitriol, a series of reactive cytotoxic metabolites, were isolated from dead and necrotic branches of stony coral (Acropora sp.) which were completely covered with a gray-black mat of cyanobacteria (Synechocystis sp.). Their structures were determined spectroscopically by interpretation of 2D-NMR experiments, including heteronuclear multiple-bond coherence spectroscopy (HMBC) and 2-D nuclear Overhauser exchange spectroscopy (NOESY), and by comparison with model compounds. Bioassay-guided fractionation of the organic extract of a Curacao Lyngbya majuscula organic extract led to the isolation of an extremely potent brine shrimp toxin with antiproliferative activity. The structure of this new thiazoline ring-containing lipid, curacin A, was deduced from spectroscopic information and comparison of products obtained from chemical degradation of the natural product with the same substances prepared by synthesis. Curacin A is an antimitotic agent that inhibits microtubule assembly and the binding of colchicine to tubulin. In addition to curacin A, a potent new ichthyotoxic depsipeptide (antillatoxin), a new malyngamide derivative, and an unusual molluscicidal compound have been isolated from this alga.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-11-08T18:27:27Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 NagleDaleGeorge1995.pdf: 8682854 bytes, checksum: 6275c645fd5b922a58226b3d76350151 (MD5)
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-11-07T23:05:49Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 NagleDaleGeorge1995.pdf: 8682854 bytes, checksum: 6275c645fd5b922a58226b3d76350151 (MD5)

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