Annual bluegrass (Poa annua L.) control with ethofumesate during turfgrass establishment Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/8s45qd380

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  • Temperate climates are particularly conducive to growth of annual bluegrass which readily invades and dominates most cool-season turfgrasses. Ethofumesate (2-ethoxy-2,3-dihydro-3,3-dimethyl-5-benzofuranyl methanesulfonate) is one herbicide available which will selectively control annual bluegrass. The primary objectives of this research were to determine optimum application rates and timing of ethofumesate for control of annual bluegrass on sites renovated by three different techniques. In addition, tolerance of common turfgrass cultivars was determined. Ethofumesate rates of 0.5, 1.0, 1.5 kg ai/ha, and split repeat treatments of 0.5 kg ai/ha applied twice or three times, applied preemergence, or early postemergence at the one and two leaf stage relative to perennial ryegrass were tested. Protected Least Significant Difference mean separation statistical analysis was used to determine differences at the 5% level. Differences were observed between ryegrass and tall fescue cultivars in greenhouse ethofumesate tolerance studies but not in field trials. Ethofumesate greenhouse cultivar tolerance differences did not correlate to results of field trials. All perennial ryegrass and tall fescue cultivars tested in field trials tolerated ethofumesate well at all rates. There was an initial 1 month period of growth suppression following ethofumesate application which perennial ryegrass and tall fescue appeared able to recover and annual bluegrass was not. Annual bluegrass was controlled in all trials at 0.5, 0.5 X 2, 0.5 X 3, 1.0, and 1.5 kg ai/ha ethofumesate rates and at all stages of application. Annual bluegrass reduction ranged between 83% to 100%. Perennial ryegrass cultivars Palmer, Blazer, Loretta, Dasher, and Regal, tall fescue cultivar Mustang, and 'America' Kentucky bluegrass tolerated ethofumesate. Red fescue, hard fescue, chewings fescue, roughstalk bluegrass, colonial bentgrass, and annual bluegrass did not tolerate ethofumesate. In the three establishment methods studied, annual bluegrass control was 100% in the no-till followed by surface scarification and broadcast seeding, 97.3% in the till trials with broadcast seeding, and 83% in the no till slicer seeder method.
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