Quantification of the temperature, pressure and compositional dependence of trace element partitioning : an experimental and theoretical study Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/8w32r9009

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  • The thermodynamic history of the Earth is preserved in the trace element record created through igneous processes. The ability to interpret that record depends on the accuracy and precision of numerical models that connect igneous processes with their geochemical consequences. This project answers three major questions concerning the relationship between trace element partitioning and the processes that influence it. One: using a common igneous mineral, clinopyroxene, as a base, how complete is the dataset on which our understanding of this relationship relies? Two: what are the dangers involved with basing models on experiments that contain higher than natural concentrations of trace elements? Three: how accurate and precise is the current numerical model that describes this relationship, and can it be improved? This project determined that the data contain gaps at high pressures and temperatures, are limited for felsic rock compositions, and are lacking for hydrous conditions. A set of experiments conducted on plagioclase feldspar crystallization from a base MORB composition containing various levels of dopants at below wt% levels reveals the presence of non-Henry's Law partitioning behavior through the disruption of the phase equilibria of the system. Lastly, the current clinopyroxene/melt rare earth element partitioning model (Wood and Blundy, 2003) is shown to reasonably, though less than ideally, describe the relationship between igneous processes and their trace-element partitioning results using the thermodynamics of the system. The accuracy was improved through adding a regression, which is based on the major element concentrations of the clinopyroxene and melt to the original numerical expressions.
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  • description.provenance : Submitted by Jennifer Cunningham (cunningj@onid.orst.edu) on 2012-03-20T01:32:18Z No. of bitstreams: 2 CunninghamJenniferL2012.pdf: 7935521 bytes, checksum: 1d55227da91e10b132b0c9c6bf68c0ef (MD5) CunninghamJenniferL2012.xls: 175616 bytes, checksum: 4dfe2bb9a21d4ac4875a5ff2abdc5947 (MD5)
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