Radiation from an infinite plane to parallel rows of infinitely long tubes - hottel extended Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/9019s4950

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  • A two-dimensional model for predicting the rate of radiation heat transfer for the interior of an industrial furnace is described. The model is two-dimensional due to the assumptions of the heat source as an infinite radiating plane and the heat sink as rows of parallel tubes that are both infinite in length and in number. A refractory back wall, located behind the tube rows, is also included in some of the model configurations. The optical properties for the heat source, heat sink, and refractory back wall are simplified by assuming the "black-body" case: all are treated as perfect absorbers and emitters of radiation. This assumption allows three different solution techniques-a graphical, crossed-string, and numerical method-to be used in solving for the radiant transfer rate. The numerical method, an innovative Monte Carlo technique, is the one employed in this study. Hottel used a graphical technique to solve the furnace model for a two row configuration in which the tubes are arranged on equilateral triangular centers. His results, along with those produced by the crossed-string method, are used in this work to validate the numerical technique. Having been validated, the numerical method was then employed to extend Hottel's work by adding more tube rows to the original equilateral triangular configuration and by generalizing the results to isosceles arrangements. Findings of this investigation are summarized in a table that lists the direct view factors for a ten tube row configuration arranged in an equilateral triangular array. Values from this table can be used to solve the transfer rate problem for twenty different cases by assuming a nonconducting refractory back wall. Results for twelve cases are represented graphically in this document The results are used to demonstrate the importance of a refractory back wall on overall radiation absorption. Examinations of the two row and five row cases for an isosceles triangular array indicate that the tabular values can be applied to any isosceles arrangement if the ratio of row separation distance to tube center-to-center distance is 0.7 or greater.
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