Effect of Holland personality type similarity and family ideology on marital satisfaction among dual-career spouses Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/9019s498t

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  • The purpose of this study was to determine if Holland vocational personality type similarity and/or traditional/ egalitarian family ideology affected marital satisfaction among dual-career spouses. The population for this study was Oregon State University graduate students and faculty, married to spouses who had career aspirations outside the home. Holland personality type (HPT) of respondents was determined by choice of graduate school major. The degree of similarity between the HPTs of the spouses was determined using the Holland hexagon model. Family ideology was assessed using the Traditional Family Ideology scale. Marital satisfaction was assessed using the Locke Marital Adjustment Test. A 2x3 ANOVA was performed with marital satisfaction as the dependent variable. All tests were performed with α= . 05 and a statistical power level of .80. Tukey's multiple comparisons test was used to determine which cell means were different. No statistical interaction was found. Chi-square was used to determine if mate selection was affected by HPT similarity. This study found no difference in marital satisfaction (MS} between spouses married to mates of identical HPT as themselves, compared to spouses married to mates having dissimilar HPTs. However, those spouses married to mates having an intermediate level of HPT similarity as themselves reported lower levels of marital satisfaction than either the identical HPT or dissimilar HPT group. The finding of low marital satisfaction among these couples was not consistent with expectations based upon the Holland theory. This finding may have been in part a function of the Artistic/Investigative type combination which predominated in this group, or a function for respondent's level of self-esteem. Family ideology did not affect MS in this study. While the number of marriages among spouses sharing identical HPTs did not exceed chance expectation, this finding may have been biased due to the predominantly Investigative environment of the University.
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