Graduate Thesis Or Dissertation

 

Myocardial structure and function differences between steroid using and non-steroid using elite powerlifters and endurance athletes Public Deposited

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https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/9593tx43h

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  • The purpose of this study was to compare the myocardial structure and function among endurance athletes (n.12), powerlifters/steroid users (n=5), powerlifters/non-steroid users (n=6), and sedentary controls (n=4). All subjects had a M-mode echocardiographic examination of their left ventricles under resting conditions. The echocardiographic measurements recorded and analyzed were of the left ventricular posterior wall at diastole and systole, left ventricular internal diameter at diastole and systole, and inter-ventricular septal thickness at diastole and systole. Myocardial function measurements consisting of left ventricle ejection time, left ventricular mass, mean ventricular contractile force, and percent fractional shortening were also recorded and analyzed. A One Way Analysis of Variance was used to analyze the data for statistical significance. A Tukey's HSD post-hoc test was used to determine statistical significance between the groups. A significant difference (p =0.02) was found for inter-ventricular septal thickness during diastole. All three athletic groups had significantly thicker inter-ventricular septa' thickness during diastole as compared to the controls. Power lifters/steroid users had the thickest inter-ventricular septal thickness (18.7 mm), followed by endurance athletes (18.6 mm), and powerlifters/nonsteroid users (16.5 mm). Overall, powerlifters/steroid users had the thickest walls at systole and diastole, while endurance athletes had the greatest internal diameters relative to the size of the left ventricle. Statistically significant differences among the groups were found for all four myocardial functional parameters: left ventricular ejection time (p = 0.03), left ventricular mass (p = 0.002), mean ventricular contractile force of (p 0.0013), and percent fractional shortening (p = 0.05). Power lifters/steroid users had the fastest left ventricular ejection times, largest left ventricular mass, greatest mean ventricular contractile force, and greatest percent fractional shortening. Endurance athletes had the slowest left ventricular ejection times, second largest left ventricular mass, lowest mean ventricular contractile force, and third lowest percent fractional shortening. The results indicated that not all individuals participating in high level endurance or powerlifting training and competition demonstrated complete adaptations in myocardial structure and function. Power lifters/steroid users however, demonstrated myocardial functional adaptations that were significantly different from powerlifters/non-steroid users, endurance athletes, and controls. The results of this study cannot attribute these changes either to the use of large amounts of anabolic steroids, or long-term, high-intensity training and competition in powerlifting. However, the study identified alterations in myocardial functions in powerlifters/steroid users, and contributes to the existing body of knowledge regarding the use of anabolic steroids by athletes.
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